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Province of Prince Edward Island

Flag from Prince Edward IslandPrince Edward Island or commonly referred to as PEI, is steeped in history and heritage. Prince Edward Island, or Isle St.Jean is known as the "Birthplace of Confederation" because the capital city, Charlottetown, is where the idea of Canada was born.

Prince Edward Island is Canada’s smallest province. Located in the Gulf of St. Lawrence on the East Coast of Canada, being one of the four Atlantic Provinces. The other three provinces are, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. See our map of the Atlantic Provinces

Prince Edward Island is not only famous for being the birthplace of Canada, it is also famous for its potatoes, oysters, lobsters, red beaches, lush landscapes and of course Anne of Green Gables.

Here are some quick facts:

  • Total land area – 5,683km²
  • Population – 142,266
  • Coastline – 1,107km
  • Capital – Charlottetown
  • Language – English ( See below)

If you compare the size of Sweden with PEI, PEI would fit into Sweden 80 times, seven times into Switzerland, 41 times in to Great Britain and 122 times in to the state of Texas.

Population wise, Sweden has 66 times more people then PEI, Switzerland 54 times, Great Britain a whooping 434 times and the state of Texas 176 times.

For us two who live on Vancouver Island on the West Coast it is always intriguing that Vancouver Island is about 5.6 times larger than Prince Edward Island, and we have about 5.5 times the population, BUT we are not a province, we are just part of British Columbia.

Prince Edward Island must have excellent politicians. We manly are looking forward to just enjoy this island and see how different it is from ours.

Prince Edward Island History

Beach from Prince Edward Island with light house in the background The first residents of Prince Edward Island arrived here about 10,000 years ago, when the area was still connected to the mainland. These Paleo-Indian hunters and foragers led a migratory existence, traveling throughout the region as the seasons and food supplies dictated. About 5,000 years ago, the sea level rose, removing the land bridge and creating an island once again.

Early Mi’kmaq settlement dates back thousands of years before the historic Charlottetown Conference. Early European settlers arrived mainly from Scotland, England and Ireland. The Island's Acadians have their roots in France.

Just like in the other Maritime provinces the English and French fought over the island for a long time. More on the very interesting history of PEI at the Provincial Website and further at Wikipedia.

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In Prince Edward Island the official language is English, and is spoken by approximately 92%, 6% speaks French and the rest is mixed e.g. Dutch, German, Spanish, Chinese...

The French language is on the rebound. If we look back in history, in the first half of the 20th century there were around 60 French schools in PEI. This dropped drastically and by the late 1970´s it was only one left. This has now changed with six schools up and running.

Prince Edward Island Tourist Information

Couple GolfingPrince Edward Island or The Gentle Island has much to offer for everyone. Prince Edward Island is surrounded by miles of sandy beaches and beautiful red cliffs made from sandstone. The lush rolling landscape is a great place to ride your bike, hike or just go for a drive.

Prince Edward Island have over 30 golf courses and some of these are the top golf courses in North America. You have more then likely heard of The Links at Crowbush Cove, Dundarave or Brundenell River golf courses.

Life is a beach on PEI. Prince Edward Island has some of the best beaches in Canada. Brackley Beach and Cavendish Beach probably being the best known. Here is a map so you can pick your on favourite one. For more information check out Tourism PEI website

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